Understanding Land Categories in Greece
In Greece, land ownership is broadly divided into two categories: land within urban planning zones and land outside these zones. The latter type is further classified into agricultural land and agricultural land with pre-existing structures. Notably, the Greek government has designated certain plots as agricultural lands, primarily for resettling farmers, a practice that has been in place since the refugee influx in 1922. These lands are typically large and are not legally permitted to be subdivided.
Outside urban planning areas, agricultural land is mainly used for farming and cultivating natural products.
On the other hand, land within urban development zones is usually reserved for building purposes. These plots are either part of a sanctioned urban plan or are within the limits of a settlement, even if an official urban plan is absent.
Interestingly, in Greece, it’s often possible to build on properties outside designated urban areas. The rules and permissions for construction depend on the property’s size and the proposed use of the building. For example, it’s commonly allowed to construct buildings up to 186 square meters on agricultural land that is a minimum of 4,000 square meters. There are also special provisions, like building larger structures on sloping land for cave villas. For specific information about individual plots, it’s advisable to get in touch with us.
The regulations for construction are more relaxed for building land, which is primarily meant for construction activities.
When buying property in Greece, it’s essential to consider two key aspects: “conformity” and “buildability” (in Greek, “artio” and “ikodomisimo”). A compliant property fulfills the legal requirements for construction.
Choosing the Right Rural Property The selection of a rural property depends on the specific needs and purposes of the buyer, which can range from residential, private, agricultural, to professional or commercial uses.
Building in non-urban zones is allowed, making these areas suitable for private residences. Agricultural land is often more cost-effective, especially further from major cities, and can be used for farming.
Properties for professional or commercial activities are available both within and outside urban plans, depending on the nature of the business. This includes office spaces in tall buildings, non-urban land for commercial outlets, factories, storage, or shopping centres, locations for renewable energy projects like solar or wind farms, and areas suitable for transport-related activities, such as logistics centres.
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